The most effective way I found to study is taking notes. Things really stick with me when I write them down. I also liked the flashcards when they were not required. I preferred writing the cards out as well for memory sake. It is also very important that you do this every night so that you do not forget what you have learned. The way we did studying at the beginning of the year was taking Cornell notes. This is writing the notes and leaving room to review and summarize the content.